Cyprus is the 3rd largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Despite such a proud status, its area is only 224 km from west to east and 96 km from north to south.
According to legend, the goddess of beauty Aphrodite was born here from sea foam, and the fertility god Adonis chose Cyprus as his home. And this is not surprising. The fertile lands yield 3-4 times a year.
The first settlers arrived in Cyprus from Greece in the 9-10th millennium BC. Throughout its long history, the island was subordinate to Egypt, Persia, Byzantium and Great Britain. In 1960, Cyprus finally gained independence, but in 1974 a conflict broke out between the Greeks and the Turks compactly residing on the island. It led to the division of the island into 2 parts: the north – the state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the south – the Republic of Cyprus. Most resorts are located in the southern part.
Cyprus lies in the subtropics, so there is a pronounced Mediterranean climate with long warm summers and short mild winters. In summer, the thermometer reaches 40C. Due to the lack of humidity, heat is easily tolerated. Water warms up to 25-26C. The swimming season lasts almost all year round, with the exception of January and February, when the water temperature is 14-16C.
Despite the warm climate, Cypriots have the opportunity to enjoy the snow. It regularly falls in the winter in the mountains of Torodos.
Most precipitation falls on the coast in the form of rain during December and January.
It is definitely worth a visit to the capital Nicosia. All the main attractions are concentrated in its old part: Tripiotis church with a stunning iconostasis, Byzantine church of Chrysalinotissa, St. John’s Cathedral, Archbishop’s Palace, jewelry museum, Venetian wall, art gallery.
The ancient city of Limassol is an open-air museum. The sanctuary of Apollo Hilatsky, the castle of Kolossi – the residence of local rulers, the ruins of the ancient cities of Amathus and Kourion, located near Limassol, are worthy of attention.
Paphos, famous for its beaches, is also famous for its architectural and historical monuments, many of which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Fund. Among them: the catacombs of St. Solomonia, the villa of Dionysus, the village of Kouklia, the Royal Tombs, the monastery of Neophytos and Petra tou Romiu – the place where Aphrodite appeared.
In Larnaca, it is worth a glimpse into the Stavrovuni monastery and the church of St. Lazarus. The Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque is considered the 4th most important Islamic shrine in the world. In the village of Lefkara, you can get acquainted with the life of the Cypriots, and from there go on a tour of the ancient Phoenician city of Kition.
The beautiful Venetian-style monastery is the hallmark of Ayia Napa.
Aphrodite’s bath is a small picturesque bay. According to legend, it was here that the goddess came out of the sea foam. The place is shrouded in various beliefs. One of them says that if you swim 3 times at midnight around the most massive rock rising from the water, you will be happy in love.
There is a natural park on the Akamas Peninsula, on the territory of which several dozens of endemic species grow – plants found only in Cyprus.
Adonis Bath is a freshwater lake surrounded by cliffs through which a waterfall breaks through. The colorful views are enchanting. The water temperature in the Adonis bath in the summer is approximately 18 degrees.
Cape Greco, located near Ayia Napa, is a very beautiful place. Ancient myths say that the monster of Scylla is hiding in it. Divers repeatedly dive, but found nothing.
The Troodos Mountains are located in the center of the island. It is a conservation area where centuries-old oaks, pines, cedar and juniper grow. Even in the scorching heat in the mountains it is always cool.
Almost all the beaches of Cyprus are municipal. There is no charge for entry, but you will have to pay a symbolic fee for the sunbed and umbrella. The territory has everything you need – from changing cabins to restaurants and cafes. A variety of water activities are available. The most picturesque beaches are in Protaras and Ayia Napa.