Sights of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan is a vibrant and colorful country where European and Asian cultures are closely intertwined. This is a modern prosperous state, carefully preserving its values and history. Hundreds of historical sights are located throughout the country: fortresses and palaces, ancient cities and mosques, preserved from the times of powerful Persia. Azerbaijani resorts on the coast of the Caspian Sea are excellent health resorts where you can improve your health, fully relax and sunbathe on the well-maintained beaches. Fans of picturesque landscapes are attracted to the country by the natural beauty of Azerbaijan. Here, the peaks of the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Ranges pierce the sky, in the Gobustan Reserve mud volcanoes beat from the ground, Lake Geigel sparkles with a smooth surface. In Azerbaijan, 9 out of 11 climatic zones of the planet are represented – from the subtropics, where banana palms grow, to alpine zones with a sharply continental climate. The best time to travel to Azerbaijan is from April to October. In spring, nature blooms with bright colors, since May the water in the Caspian Sea warms up to a comfortable temperature, the beginning of autumn is the best time for excursions and trips. In the country, tourists find themselves in a real fruit paradise. Here you can eat plenty of delicious pomegranates, apricots, sweet grapes and watermelons.
1. Flame Towers (Flame Towers) This is a modern architectural complex, a symbol of a new and prosperous Azerbaijan. The buildings are huge glass skyscrapers in the form of flames directed towards the sky. In the evening, the facade lights up, simulating a blazing fire. Flaming towers are visible from almost anywhere in Baku, guests of the capital are delighted with the contemplation of the game of colors on the glass surface of the towers. 2. Gobustan Nature Reserve. The territory protected by UNESCO and included in the list of world heritage. Here are the famous mud volcanoes, beating from under the ground mixed with oil and water. As well as cave paintings preserved from the prehistoric era, demonstrating the beliefs and everyday life of primitive people. At the foot of the Beyukdash mountain, inscriptions of Roman legionnaires who visited here in the 1st century have been preserved.
3. Maiden’s Tower in Baku A mysterious building on the territory of the ancient Baku fortress Icheri Sheher. The tower is considered a symbol of the city and a unique object, as it is an example of Azerbaijani architecture, which has no analogues in the region. There is a version that initially on its territory there was an ancient Zoroastrian temple, where they worshiped the sun and fire. 4. The old city of Icheri Sheher. The most ancient residential quarter of Baku, which is surrounded by well-preserved fortress walls. In this area, people have lived since the Bronze Age. Even now, people live in houses, many of which are hundreds and thousands of years old. In the middle of the stone streets of Icheri Sheher, time seemed to stop its course – here you can fully feel the atmosphere and the color of the country. 5. Palace of the Shirvanshahs It is a palace ensemble of the 15th century, where the rulers of Shirvan lived. When erecting most of the buildings, Absheron limestone was used, which eventually acquired a beautiful golden-nut shade. On the territory of the complex is the royal tomb, the palace mosque, the courtyard of the Divan Hane, the mausoleum of the scientist Seyid Yahya Bakuvi.
6. The Palace of Sheki Khans A beautiful two-story building with rich interior and exterior decoration. In the XVIII century it was built as the residence of Huseyn Khan Mushtad. On the facade of the palace are beautifully executed scenes of hunting and war framed by intricate floral and geometric ornaments. Stained-glass windows, consisting of several thousand pieces of glass, are decorated with delicate lattices made of stone. 7. Caravanserai in Sheki An inn located on one of the sections of the Great Silk Road. The stopping and resting place of merchants, slave owners, messengers, travelers, who for centuries have lingered here to gain strength for further travel. Now part of the caravanserai is given over to the hotel, and in another part there is a museum. The walls of the structure were built of solid and thick stone, the large arched gates that served as the entrance were closed tightly in case of danger and provided shelter to people inside. 8. Gandzasar Monastery Armenian Christian monastery in Nagorno-Karabakh. Got its name from Mount Gandzasar. On the territory of the monastery, tourists note a special atmosphere, as if isolation from the surrounding reality. It is a quiet, peaceful place with ancient architecture, mysterious writings and strange drawings on the walls. Here are the tombs of the rulers of the Khachen principality and bishops. 9. Bibi Heybat Mosque A significant monument of Islamic architecture on the shores of Baku Bay. The mosque was built in the 13th century. Thriving and developing, it existed for the 7th century, and in 1936 it was blown up by order of the Soviet functionaries who came to power. In 1994, Heydar Aliyev issued a decree on the restoration of the mosque in its former place.