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Palma de Mallorca

Palma de Mallorca is the main city of the island of Mallorca and the capital of the autonomous Balearic Islands, which includes the famous resorts of Ibiza, Menorca, Formentera. There is an atmosphere of peace and prosperity. The locals are friendly, the landscapes fascinate with natural beauties, the sea sparkles in the sun, the cleanest beaches are always ready to receive guests.

The royal seed likes to relax here, and a sailing regatta for the King of Spain cup is timed to her visit. She regularly collects the European elite.

Palma de Mallorca is located in the Palm Bay, whose length is 25 km and a width of 20 km. It is considered one of the most picturesque in Europe.

History

The first settlers appeared on the island around 7,200 BC. In 123 AD Consul Quinto Secilio Metelo, nicknamed Balearic, said locals were helping pirates rob the ships of the Roman Empire and conquered Mallorca. He later ordered the laying of the city of Palma, which soon became a major port.

In 902, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, Mallorca passed to the Arabs, then became part of the Kingdom of Aragon. In the 15th century, the archipelago became subordinate to Spain and reached dawn in the 18th century, having begun trade with the American colonies. In 1983, the Balearic Islands received autonomy status.

Climate

In Mallorca, the holiday season lasts all year round. The typical Mediterranean climate provides plenty of sunny days. Hot summer. The thermometer column reaches the level of 30C, seawater pleases with a pleasant 25C. In winter, the temperature rarely drops below 15C. It rains mainly in autumn.

What to see

Palma is the most fashionable resort in the region. The city center is an architectural complex of modern buildings, shopping centers, shops, cafes and restaurants. Ancient buildings in narrow streets have been restored and organically fit into the architectural ensemble.

A city tour should begin with the Cathedral – a magnificent example of Gothic architecture. It was laid in the 17th century on the site of an old mosque. In the 20th century, the famous architect Antonio Gaudi remade its interior decoration and exterior lighting. The cathedral houses the museum and residence of the Moorish rulers of the Palau de L’Almudaina.

Behind the cathedral, the “Arab medina” begins. It is a network of old quarters and labyrinths of streets that house the Arab baths, the Basilica of St. Francis, the Mallorca Museum and the statue of Junipero Serra, a local priest sent to the New World. He is considered the founder of the cities of San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego.

He is also building to visit the first Christian church in the archipelago of Santa Eulalia, built in the style of the late Renaissance in the 12-14 centuries.

The island is influenced by Italy. All buildings erected during the period of close trade and cultural relations with this country are made of white stone and have courtyards. The most beautiful mansions of that era: Ca’n Marquez, Ca’n Oleo, Ca la Gran Christian, Ca’n Vivot and the converted Ca’n Bordils.

Outside the old quarter is the 14th-century Bellver Castle. It is a unique example of a round fortress. The construction was erected by order of King James II. After several centuries, the building lost its significance and became a prison. Today, it houses the Historical Museum.

It is also worth visiting the old stock exchange and the museum of Joan Miró (the famous Spanish surrealist).

Beaches

On both sides of the bay of Palma de Mallorca are resort areas. They are united by the longest beach on the island, which is framed by a pedestrian promenade. It houses cafes, bars, restaurants and shops.

The total length of all beaches is almost 554 km. The best are Can Pastilla, Sarenal and Palma Nova.

Palma de Mallorca is the main city of the island of Mallorca and the capital of the autonomous Balearic Islands, which includes the famous resorts of Ibiza, Menorca, Formentera. There is an atmosphere of peace and prosperity. The locals are friendly, the landscapes fascinate with natural beauties, the sea sparkles in the sun, the cleanest beaches are always ready to receive guests.

The royal seed likes to relax here, and a sailing regatta for the King of Spain cup is timed to her visit. She regularly collects the European elite.

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